Gamma Intl. and internet monitoring concerns in Pakistan
(Note: Our coverage of Canadian firm Netsweeper in Pakistan is here).
In May 2013, Citizen Lab published For Their Eyes Only: The Commercialization of Digital Spying which reported the presence of "FinFisher" commercial surveillance software in many countries, including Pakistan. FinFisher is made by the British/German company Gamma International. The report highlighted ways in which FinFisher has been used in abuses of freedom of expression and privacy, including for targeting human rights activists in Bahrain.
Pakistan-based Bolo Bhi and Digital Rights Foundation led a global coalition of privacy and freedom of expression NGOs in calling for an investiation into the presence of FinFisher in Pakistan and for it to be disabled. As the coalition stated: "we feel that this acquisition and surveillance capability represents a further threat to the free flow of information, user rights, freedom of expression and privacy in Pakistan."
Business & Human Rights invited Gamma International to respond to these concerns but it did not do so.
"We request the [United Kingdom/German] Government to assist us in seeking answers from FinFisher, that has reportedly sold technology to Pakistan with full awareness that it would be abused. We ask for assistance to hold FinFisher accountable for unethical business practice and for greater transparency and accountability in the trade. We seek assistance in disabling FinFisher command and control centres in Pakistan & call for strict action and tougher laws to hold [British/German] companies accountable as and when they are in violation of domestic, national and international laws."
We will post any response from the governments or from Gamma International on this page.
Related stories and components
Author: Citizen Lab
...We have identified FinFisher Command & Control servers in 11 new Countries. Hungary, Turkey, Romania, Panama, Lithuania, Macedonia, South Africa, Pakistan, Nigeria, Bulgaria, Austria...Our previous research uncovered evidence that FinFisher ...
- Related stories: "For Their Eyes Only: The Commercialization of Digital Spying": Citizen Lab on role of Gamma International's "FinFisher" technology in many countries - reportedly used by govts. for surveillance of human rights advocates
- Related in-depth areas: Gamma Intl. and internet monitoring concerns in Pakistan
- Related companies: Gamma Group Gamma International (part of Gamma Group)